Mental health is an important thing for all human beings but it is still something for a taboo in many parts of the world. Now, many people are going to the right psychiatrist and psychologist and taking help from them. They do prescribe medicines if there is a need for them. One of the most prevalent problems of this age is ADD and ADHD. Most of the people suffering from it are children and they do need to take some medications if the problem is quite big. The parents are given special supervision tips so that they can give the medications in the best possible way. So, let us know a bit more about the two medications to learn a thing or two about them.
Modafinil is a non-stimulant rescribed drug that has a unique structure. But the drug does have a stimulant like an effect on the brain. It is used to help in enhancing one’s perception and sometimes as a medication to keep people awake. There is no solid explanation to its function but still, there are some theories. They think that it may enhance the neurotransmitters or chemicals which include dopamine, serotonin, glutamate, histamine, and GABA. There is no evidence that people can get addicted to the drug but people may still get dependent on a drug that has a stimulant-like effect. Many people do feel a lack of energy and motivation when they stop taking Modafinil. So, doctors do suggest to gradually wean from it when they are wanting to stop taking it. It is prescription drug so no one can buy it as an over the counter drug. The drug was first approved by FDA in 1998 as a treatment of Narcolepsy. But now it is used for different purposes such as obtrusive sleep apnoea, Parkinson’s disease, and Multiple Sclerosis. It is also seen to have helped patients who have ADHD.
An adult may need to take 100mg to 200mg of the drug on a daily basis. It needs to be taken orally. In a stretch, the medication should be taken no more than 12 weeks at a stretch.
Whenever someone is taking a drug, there is always a chance that may create a side effect in them. So, they should always be wary of the side effects. Here are some of the side effects that one may get. Please note, that most of them are allergic reactions. See a doctor if you face any such problems.
- Skin rash which bleeds or peels
- Difficulty in breathing
- Swelling seen in lips, face, throat or tongue
- Fever, vomiting
- Bruising and muscle weakness
Chest pain, uneven heartbeats
These side-effects are quite severe and you should definitely visit the emergency room when you face these. It is also important to talk to your doctor about discontinuing the medication.
But other than these some problems like loose stools, headache, nervousness, runny nose etc. aren’t something that you should be concerned about.
Adderall is the name of a combination drug which contains amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. It is stimulant in nature and increases the dopamine level in our system. The main work of the drug is to live one’s mood. It is important for a doctor to know about the patient’s age and condition before they can prescribe this drug to them. It is one of the most known drugs which are prescribed to adult ADHD patients in recent times. It was first approved as an ADHD medication in 1996.
The main problem with Adderall is that it is often used as a popular “study drug” among college and high school students. They think that it helps them to keep awake during study sessions as it gives them alertness and stops them from falling asleep. But as it is a prescribed drug, it is a drug abuse problem for them. Different surveys showed that Adderall is definitely available easily at all places. In 2015, almost 7.5 percent of the high school students, Adderall was one of the most abused drugs other than marijuana. As it is a stimulant drug, it is highly addicting for them and they can become dependent on them. Many people even snort the medication when they get totally addicted to it.
It is recommended to use no more than 20 mg of the medication in a day for adult ADHD patients. The medication is also prescribed for narcolepsy and the dosage can depend on anything from 5 mg to 60 mg depending on the response of the patient.
As Adderall is a stimulant combination drug the side effects can get more dangerous. So, it is really important to know the side effects while you are taking the drugs. Another important group that should know about the side effects are the ones who are most likely to abuse it.
Some allergic side effects that one can get from using Adderall are difficulty in breathing, swelling in the facial region and hives. Other important side effects are pounding of heart, pain or burning while urination, dangerously high blood pressure. If someone sees these they should immediately get help. There can be some less important side effects like dizziness, fever and weight loss which can be easily controlled.
When someone uses the drug for a long time they can see some recurrent side-effects. These may include insomnia, short-lived blood pressure elevations, headache and sexual dysfunction in some cases.
Precautions to be taken with both drugs
It is to be noted that you shouldn’t take alcohol with any of the two drugs as it may result in a chemical reaction that is harmful to the body. Other than that one should also check their daily dosage and never go above it to maintain their health.
In all, we can say that both Modaﬁnil and Adderall are really good drugs when they are used under the correct supervision. But at times people can become addicted to them because of their stimulant nature. So, talk to the doctor thoroughly before you or someone else starts taking the drug.